4. Install wheels over sleeves. to help protect the studs.
5. Lubricate the nuts.
Add 1-2 drops of oil directly on to the stud. Also add 1-2 drops of oil between the nut and the free spinning washer.
6. Install the lug nuts hand tight. Bump the lug nuts on.
Starting at the top (12 o’clock), then the bottom (6 o’clock), then crisscross pattern until complete. To achieve proper torque, you need to use a calibrated torque wrench at the proper torque level. The lug nut should move at least a quarter turn before you arrive at final torque.
What is the difference between re-torquing and torque checks?
Ball seat wheels were prevalent for many years and had to be re-torqued because of their inner and outer cap nuts and right-handed/left-handed threads, depending on what side of the truck you were on. Therefore, the recommendation was to loosen every other cap nut and re-torque the inner cap nut. Following this step, it was advised to loosen the other five cap nuts, re-torque the inner and retorque the outer. This became the actual re-torque process, which was extremely time-consuming.
When the industry transitioned to hub piloted wheels, there was no longer a need to have to un-torque and re-torque. Therefore, we now refer to that as torque checks because you’re not re-torquing. You are just checking the torque. If it’s a check, we’re not trying to add anything to it. We are just trying to ensure that it is still within the proper range so that we know that everything was Initiated and completed properly.
HOW TO: PROPER TORQUE SEQUENCE
Position one of the hub’s pilot pads at the twelve o’clock position. After positioning wheels on the pilot pads, hand tighten all two-piece flange nuts. Next, tighten to the recommended torque following the proper sequence shown below for your wheel type. After a wheel assembly has been installed and torqued, check the fastener torque again within 5 - 100 miles. Individual fleet conditions will influence the mileage interval. Refer to TMC RP 237 – Re-torquing Guidelines for Disc Wheels which establishes guidelines for determining the fleet torque check interval.